Breed Disorders

September 26, 2019

Different breeds of cat and dog are are a greater risk of certain conditions, diseases, and disorders. Here are a few we think you should know about:

Hip Dysplasia
Sometimes the ball-and-socket hip joint forms and develops abnormally, leading to severe arthritis. This disorder is at least partially inherited and is most common in large breed dogs. Left untreated, hip dysplasia can cause pain even in young dogs. Corrective surgery to prevent the arthritis is possible if the condition is detected early, between six and nine months of age.

MDR-1 Gene Deficiency
This gene deficiency causes intolerance to some common medications and anesthetics. Testing is available at any age. We strongly encourage testing prior to performing many common procedures.

Chronic Hepatitis
Chronic hepatitis is a smoldering disease which gradually destroys the liver–even in seemingly healthy pets. Since there are often no symptoms, a blood test is necessary to diagnose. We recommend testing annually, beginning at three years of age.

on Willebrands Disease
This disease is a hereditary blood clotting defect. Affected dogs are unable to form the protein necessary to bind platelets together to clot wounds. We recommend testing before any surgical procedure.

Vascular Liver Disease
One of two congenital liver abnormalities, portovascular shunt or microvascular dysplasia, which allows blood to circulate throughout the body without first being detoxified by the liver. We recommend testing at six months of age and before any surgical procedure.

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
This inherited disorder causes parts of the heart muscle to thicken abnormally, making pumping blood difficult and placing additional stress upon the heart. Testing is available at any age. For affected cats, we recommend annual echocardiograms to monitor heart function.

Polycystic Kidney Disease
Inherited cysts grow to impair kidney function, and can even lead to kidney failure. We recommend annual ultrasounds to detect potential cysts and to monitor cyst growth in affected cats, starting at one year of age.

Ask your veterinarian for more information.

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